繪ҵԷѲ㹡áҧҤ÷͡ѡɳ੾еҪҹҹ ѡҹشŧ ʶһѵ¡§ʹ⢷ ԷԾŷҡҧ蹪Ѵ ͧŻѲ ǹ˭ѺҨҡԹѲСѺͧ ͪҵԵؤ ¼ҹҧͭԪ Т٪ ǹҹҷҧç ԷԾŷҧطʹ 駷Ѻاҡ зԴ鹢繢ͧͧ 繵ҧҵ蹹任Ѻاաҡ ʶһѵ¡ͧ·Ѻͧ繻ѵʵ óþѧ 駡 Ѻطʹԧ ѧҡҳʶҹ 辺㹴Թᴹ ʶٻ਴ лҧ Ѵ ʶ 繵

     ط਴⢷ ṡѡɳٻçѧ

               1. ਴ç͡ǵ
               2. ਴çЦѧʹ͡Ǥ
               3. ਴çлҧ
               4. ਴ɺ ਴ҹ
               5. ਴
               6. ਴çҷ

     1. ਴ç͡ǵ 
     ਴Ẻʹٻ͡ǵ ¡ѹ çǺԳ ͷç
˹͹ҵԺ ͹ҵҧͧաèѴоطٻ׹ 4 蹷਴ ѴоѧԹ ͧ⢷ ਴ç͡ǵٻç٧ʧҧ ҹҧἹѧѵʫ͹Ŵ蹡ѹ 3 4 Ѵ繰ҹ蹿ҫ͹ѹ͹ҧ٧ͧѺ͹ҵ ੾ҧ觾਴иҹѴҸҵ ͧ⢷ Ӥѭͧŧ ਴иҹç͡ǵѴ਴Ѫ ѡҳйѡѵʵŻоҡѹ¡ͧ ਴çǵ ʶһѵ¡Ẻ⢷ŻԹ⢷¤ԴẺҧͧ ਴Ẻҧͧҧ ⢷ҹ աҧ¡اظ

     ਴ç͡ǵҷѡҹҡͧҧ ⢷ͧ¡ѹ ѴҸҵ ѴоѧԹ Ѵ͹ ѴѡԳ Ѵͺ Ѵ͹ Ѵȡ зѪ ջҡѴ਴ Ѵǹط¹ Ѵ Ѵ 
਴ç͡ǵ繢͢Դѹҹҹ çѹ㨨ҡ ѡҳйѡѵʵŻǤԴᵡҧѹ·ɮ ѧ

     稾Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ çԹԨ ҨẺҧҨҡ਴չ () ǴѴŧѺкǹêҧͧ ·çҾ਴չҡѧȾҳ˹ѧ "Թ÷ ͹͹ " (.. 1928) ѡɳẺҧ¤֧ҧ СͺѺ⢷աõԴ͡ѺչҧԴ
     ʵҨŻ դͧŻ ҨѺẺҧҨҡʶһѵ¡Ẻ ૹ (Saracenic style) ѡɳٻç¤֧Ѻʹ Դ (mosque)ͧͪѺ
     ʵҨ 㹺ͧ "ԷԾŢͧԹµŻ " ˹ѧ Indian Art & Letters (.. 1950) çҧͧ਴Ẻ͹ҨҨҡٻçͧȺèؾкѰԅ
     ¡Ŵ դ˹ѧ Towards a History of Sukhodaya Art  
䷤ẺҧҨҡ਴ͧèؾкԡҵآͧѧ մ͡ǵ     
     ҨԵ(СԵ) Ǻ դ繵ǷҧطѪҹ˹ѧ ѵ;о㹻 ҧ਴ç͡ǵ ѺԷԾҨҡԡآǴ ҡҹ ¹ҹҧŧҧ .. 1500-1600
     ʵҨ . ... ز آʴ դ ҨҡçͧʹҷẺ..

     2. ਴çЦѧ ʹ͡Ǥ 
     ѡ¡ѹ· Ẻѧ ɮѺԷԾҨҡѧµç ҾԨóͧẺҧŻ ԷԾŷҧŻТͧѧҡѡ зԷԾŢͧоطʹԹҹҡѧҷջѪ¹ ԷԾŻԹҡ͹ ʡŪҧ-ʹ (Pala-Sena School) ʡŪҧ(Orissan School) ʡŪҧ (Chola School)

     ਴çЦѧẺ⢷ѡɳз͡¹Ҩҡѧµç ẺŻԹ⢷»дɰ鹨ҡüҹѴ蹡׹ ٻç٧§ ѹԷԾŷҨҡҹẺҧͧ਴Ẻ ûдɰҹ٧͹ѹª ûдɰǻҡЦѧ ÷ٻçЦѧͧ͡㹵͹Фʹǹ繻ҡЦѧ ਴ҧͧաèѴдɰҹоطٻ 4 ਴Ѵҧ ਴Ѵó ਴Ѵ Ѫ ਴Ѵ ਴Ѵ鹨ѹ ਴ѴҾкҷ ͧ⢷ 繵
਴çЦѧͧ˭شͧŷش ਴Ѵó 躹ԹҡҧͧѪ
 



਴ç͡ǵ  çǺԳ

 



਴çЦѧ ͡Ǥ

 



਴çлҧ

 




      3. ਴çлҧ
      лҧͧ·ѡɳٻçҨҡԷԾẺҧʶһѵ¡Ԣ ͧԹ¼ҹѹ ͡¹Ẻµç طҧ⢷§ͧ ջѭҶ§ѹѡҳ ѡѵʵŻ ǹ˭դ ҧҧ 繻ҧҧͤѧӹҨҾ¢件֧ӹ ӹҨҡ Ѵŧѧ ֧ҡٻẺŻТͧͪҧ ٻç٧ٴ ǹ¤ ӹҨͧԹᴹҾ ҧҧ ǹ繽ͪҧ¡ҧ鹵Ẻҧ طҧҷҡ лҧѴѵҸҵ лҧѴҨѹ Ѫ лҧѴ (ͧ) лҧѴоǧ (ͧ) żҵᴧ(ʹѧŧ)ͧ⢷
      4. ਴ɺ ਴çҹ
      Ἱѧٻ Ժ Ժͧ͹ҵիоطٻ 4 ǹʹ繪 ͹ѹ֧ 9 Ѵٻ š ẺʹԢâͧԹ ʹشʹ ਴Ẻ龺 ͧ Ѵʧ ѴоѧԹ Ѵ਴ Ѫ ʹŧ ʹ繪Ŵ蹡ѹ֧ 9 Ҿ͹ҧóբҴ˭
      5. ਴
      ਴Ẻ˹ ҹ繡պ͡ 3 鹷 3 繫Ѻдɰҹоطٻҹ ͹਴ٻЦѧͺҡ ͡ẺЦѧ 8 ͹繵ЦѧǺǹ͹ҧ਴çЦѧͺ ҧապ͹§ѹ繡պ ͺͧ਴ Ѻ 28 պ ҡѡɳТͧٻ਴¡Ѻҧ˷ǹҡᴴǹѺҡⴧ ֧¡ѹ ਴ վ§ǺԹѴкҷ ͧ⢷ ҹ
      6. ਴çҷ
       ਴Ẻѡҳ͡ѹѺԷԾẺҧҡ਴ѴҸҵͧ ਴ѴҸҵ ͧոҪ ਴Ẻʹ ਴ѴҸҵ ͧ ѡɳ·հҹ٧ ͹ҵٻѵ Сͺ«дɰҹоطٻҧзѺ׹ 4 ЫѴẹ˹Һѹ͹ѹͧ Ǵ»дѺдɰٻ ͢ §Ŵ蹡ѹ 7 ѹ ˹͹ҵط繰ҹ 8 çǹ繺ǻҡЦѧ "ǡ" ͧЦѧ͹ͧ͡ҡǹ繻ҡЦѧ "Ѵ͡" "Ѵ" ҴͧдѺ պѧ ˹ͧЦѧ繺ǡաͧ鹡͹ж֧ʹ ਴աûдɰ਴Ҵ "ʶٻԡ" ਴÷ѴҸҵ ͧ⢷ ਴·Ѵ਴ Ѫ